IMPORTANCE: Manganese is needed for protein and fat metabolism, normal bone growth, a healthy nervous system, proper bowel function, and an optimal immune system. It is used in the formation of cartilage and synovial (lubricating) fluid of the joints; works with the 8 Vitamins to give you an overall feeling of well-being. It aids in the formation of mother's milk. It is necessary for the proper digestion and utilization of food. Manganese functions in many enzyme systems, including enzymes involved in blood sugar control, energy metabolism, and thyroid hormone function. It increases the activity of the anti-oxidant enzyme (SOD), this enzyme is responsible for preventing the superoxide free radical from destroying cellular components.
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS: May result in paralysis, convulsions, dizziness, ataxia, loss of hearing, digestive problems, blindness and deafness in infants.