IMPORTANCE: Choline is a "super nutrient" for the liver and brain. It is needed for the proper transmission of nerve impulse from the brain through the central nervous system. It is able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and go directly into brain cells to produce acetylcholine, a chemical that aids memory. It may aid in the treatment of Alzheimer's and other age-related memory loss. It aids in hormone production and is important in controlling fat and cholesterol build-up in the body. Choline emulsifies (breaks down) cholesterol so that it doesn't settle on artery walls or in the gallbladder. It has been used for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis and the metabolism of homocysteine. Choline helps eliminate poisons and drugs from your system by aiding the liver and has been used to treat liver damage caused by alcoholism.
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS: May result in cirrhosis and fatty degeneration of the liver, hardening of the arteries, heart problems, high blood pressure, hemorrhaging kidneys.